Name/Όνομα: Γοσύπιον το ποώδες
Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα: Gosypium herbaceum L.
Common name/Κοινό όνομα: Levant cotton, krautiger Braumwollstrauch, cotonnier herbacé, Βαμβάκι
Gosypium herbaceum is herbaceous annual or perennial plant or tree-like shrub, growing up to 200cm high or more. Stem erect, thick, rigid, branched, greenish and hairy when young, brown-purple and glabrous with age; many parts of the plant are dotted with black oil glands, especially on the green stems and on the main nerves beneath. Leaves are alternate, simple, petiolate, glabrous or glabrescent on the upper surface with stellate hairs on the lower surface; petiole long, purplish and hairy; blade palmately lobed, lobes 3-7, ovate and entire, often with purplish and hairy margins; occasionally there is a red small blotch at the point of nerves’ junction; base cordate, apex subacute, obtuse or rounded; stipules small, linear to lanceolate. Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, solitary and axillary; petals 5, overlapped, obovate, yellow, white or pinkish with purple base; calyx short, bell-shaped, 5-lobed with black oil glands; epicalyx* with 3, wide and oblong-cordate, deeply dissected segments with 5-13 unequal, hairy and linear teeth; stamens numerus, filaments fused, forming a hollow, tube-like structure (staminal column), enclosing the ovary and the style; anthers kidney-shaped; ovary superior with 3-5 carpels, stigmas 5, white. Flowering time late Summer(Cyprus). The fruit is a globose capsule enclosing ovoid seeds covered with wooly hairs (pure cellulose) strongly attached to the surface of the seeds. Native to India, northern Africa and south-western Asia.
epicalyx*= is a structure below calyx, formed by free or fused bracts