Name/Όνομα: Λακτούκα η κυπριακή.
Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα: Lactuca cyprica (Rech. f.) N. Kilian & Greuter
Plant: Biennial herb with tuberous rhizome, growing up to 50 cm high.
Stem/s: Erect, branched above, striated, purplish, conspicuously covered at the upper part with whitish glands bearing long and straight petiole.
Leaves: Alternate; basal leaves usually lyrate-pinnatisect arising directly from the tuber, sometimes broadly heart-shaped, glabrous with white spots above, purplish beneath; terminal lobe large, suborbicular, irregularly and shallowly dentate, lateral lobes up to 10, oblong and smaller; cauline leaves similar and smaller or oblong and narrow with acute apex, short-stalked or sessile, with semi-amplexicaule base and long-stalked glands.
Flowers: Capitula few to many, in rather lax, corymb-like inflorescence; peduncles purple and glandular; Involucre pale green and cylindrical; inner bracts linear, sparsely glandular, longer than the inner ones; outer bracts erect, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, glandular; bracts´ tips usually purplish; florets yellow, often tinged purplish externally, 5-toothed at apex, often slightly deflexed; anthers yellow, style branched.
Flowering time: April-July.
Habitat: Mountain slopes with conifer trees, 800-1950 m alt.
Native: Endemic to Cyprus.