Lupinus angustifolius

June 1, 2019 by savvas

Lupinus angustifolius

Name/Όνομα:  Λούπινο το στενόφυλλο*  

Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα:  Lupinus angustifolius L.

Common name/ Κοινό όνομα:  Narrow-leaves lupin, blue lupin, lupin blue, blaue lupine, lupino azzuro, λούπινο         

Family/Οικογένεια:  FABACEAE

*Η απόδοση του είδους στα Ελληνικά είναι εισήγηση του συγγραφέα.


Lupinus angustifolius is an annual herb with a deep rooting system, growing up to 80cm high or more.  Stems erect, branched, angled and covered with short hairs.  Leaves alternate, compound, long-stalked, palmately divided to the base into 5-11 simple, entire, unequal, sessile, narrowly obovate or linear-spatulate leaflets, glabrous above, sparsely hairy beneath, base cuneate, apex terminating into an acute point; stipules subulateFlowers purplish-blue, zygomorphic, papilionaceous, hermaphrodite in false racemes or in irregular axillary whorls towards apex; lower flowers sometimes solitary alternating along the flowering axil; pedicels short, purplish; bracts narrow-lanceolate to elliptic, purplish-brown, hairy; calyx hairy, 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed, lobes wide at the base, lower lip 3-lobed, distinctly larger than the upper lip, lobes linear; banner (standard pedal) ovate and glabrous with reflexed margins, wings somewhat obovate and glabrous, keel green at the base, a little swollen in the middle, purplish, apex dark blue with upturn apex, glabrous; stamens 10, all filaments fused at the base, anthers unequal; ovary superior, style 1, stigma 1; flowering time April-May (Cyprus).  The fruit is a long, flat, dehiscent legume (pod) with acute or beaked apex, restricted between the 2-5 seeds.  Native to Southern Europe and the Mediterranean region.  A common plant in Cyprus and it is found at the igneous ground and open pine forests from 600-1200m alt.


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