Name/Όνομα: Στύραξ ο φαρμακευτικός
Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα: Styrax officinalis L.
Common name/Κοινό όνομα: Storax, snowdrop bush, στερατζιά, αγριοκυδωνιά, αστύρακας
Family/ Οικογένεια: STYRACACEAE
Styrax officinalis is a deciduous shrub or small tree with spreading crown and ash-brown bark, growing up to 7m high (usually 2-5). Twigs covered with stellate hairs, branches glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, oblong ovate, wide, suborbicular or rounded, petiolate, pale green, thinly hairy above, scaly below, apex obtuse, base rounded or cuneate. Flowers fragrant, actinomorphic and hermaphrodite in axillary or terminal racemes, 3-6 flowered; calyx bell-shaped, green, nearly entire or with very short lobes, hairy; pedicels hairy; corolla very short, white, with 5-7 (usually 6) lanceolate and overlapping lobes; stamens 10-14, filaments erect, white and slightly hairy, connected at base with corolla’s base, anthers linear; ovary superior, style 1, erect, white, pubescent below, stigma capitate, greenish; flowering time March-June. The fruit is a yellowish subglobose drupe* with fleshy mesocarp and with the persistent calyx at the base. Native to southern Europe and Middle East. Common tree in Cyprus and it is founded on rocky slopes, open pine forests and near streams from 0-1600m alt.
drube*= 1-celled fruit in which exocarp is thin, mesocarp is fleshy and the seed is enclosed in a hard endocarp (cherry, olive, plum).