Hippocrepis unisiliquosa ssp unisiliquosa

April 9, 2020 by savvas

Hippocrepis unisiliquosa ssp unisiliquosa

Name/Όνομα:   Ιπποκρεπίς η μονόκαρπος υποειδ. μονόκαρπος *

Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομαHippocrepis unisiliquosa L.ssp unisiliquosa

Common name/Κοινό Όνομα:  Single-flowered Horseshoe Vetch   

Family/Οικογένεια:  FABACEAE  


* Η απόδοση του είδους στα Ελληνικά είναι εισήγηση του συγγραφέα.




Plant:  Annual herb growing up to 40 cm high.      

Stem/s:  Prostrate or ascending, much-branched below, angular, glabrous or thinly hairy.

Leaves:  Alternate, compound, oblong in outline, odd-pinnate, petiolate; leaflets alternate (lower leaflets) or opposite (upper leaflets), in 3-7 “pairs”, oblong, elliptic or obovate, base cuneate, apex acute or truncate or shallowly emarginate; stipules linear-lanceolate, subglabrous,, occasionally with a gland at the junction  with the stem.

Flowers:  Strongly zygomorphic and hermaphrodite, axillary and usually solitary, more rarely in pairs; peduncle very short; bracts membranous; petals 5, standard petal erect, semicircular, apex rounded and mucronate, somewhat auriculate at the base, wings broadly-ovate or obovate, slightly concave, reduced at the base, keel upcurved; calyx funnel-shape, subglabrous,  2-lipped, upper lip 2-toothed, teeth triangular, shorter those of the lower lip, connate for 1/3 of their length or more; stamens 10; ovary superior, style 1, stigma 1.

Flowering time:  March-May  

Fruit:  Legume (pod), straight or curved, flat, with 7 or more, glabrous or slightly papillose at apex horseshoe-segments, with drop-shaped or U-shaped sinuses, constricted between seeds       

Habitat:  Waste ground, slopes, stream-banks, sea-shore, from 0-750 m alt.  

Native:  Eastern Mediterranean region, Western Asia.

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