Name/Όνομα: Δακτυλόριζα η ρωμάνα
Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα: Dactylorhiza romana (Sebast.) Soó
Common name/Κοινό όνομα: Roman orchid
It is a perennial tuberous plant growing up to 50m high, but usually much smaller, about 20-30cm in Cyprus. Stem erect, straight, green, hairless with 2-3, oblong-linear, pointed leaves, sheathing the stem; basal leaves 3-10 or more, simple, entire, linear-lanceolate, dark green, pointed, glabrous, unspotted, sheathing at the base. Flowers yellow (Cyprus), zygomorphic and hermaphrodite, in ovoid or cylindrical, lax, few-flowered or in dense many-flowered racemes; pedicels green, hairless, slightly twisted; lateral sepals spreading, ovate, obtuse, hairless, distinctly reflexed, dorsal sepal erect , ovate to elliptic, closely attached with petals forming a galea; petals about as long as dorsal sepal or a little shorter, ovate, erect, margins incurved; bracts lanceolate, green, acute or obtuse, longer than ovary; labellum broadly obovate in outline, 3-lobbed, unspotted; median lobe, rectangular or suborbicular, lateral lobes oblong-ovate; spur cylindrical, horizontal or slightly or strongly upturned, longer than the ovary; stigmatic cavity ovate-triangular to subcircular; flowering time March-May. The fruit is a capsule. Native to Mediterranean Europe, the Middle East, and Western Asia. A common plant in Cyprus, and it is found at rocky hillsides and open pinewoods, from 150-900m alt.