Taraxacum hellenicum

December 6, 2017 by savvas

Taraxacum hellenicum

Name/Όνομα: Greek dandelion/Ταράξακον το Ελληνικό  

Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα:  Taraxacum hellenicum Dahlst  

Common name/ Κοινό όνομα:   Dandelion, Δαντέλιο, Ταράξακο, Αγριοραδίκι

Family/Οικογένεια:  ΑSTERACEAE

 

Description

Taraxacum hellenicum is a perennial herb growing to 10cm tall.  Leaves forming a basal rosette; they are simple, oblong-lanceolate in outline and the blade is divided up to the midrib ( the difference between T.cyprium-T.hellenicum) into irregular lobes; lobes wide, lanceolate or triangular, sessile, glabrous, apex acute  slightly pointing backwards; terminal lobe bigger, deltoid; usually smaller lobes appear among the main lobes; midrib greenish to purplish; petiole purplish hardly visible.  The plant produces 1 or more flowering stems (scapes); they are soft, purplish, sparsely covered by white soft hairs; involucre campanulate; phyllaries in 2-3 rows; inner phyllaries longer, erect, oblong lanceolate or linear, green, glabrous with a yellowish membranous margin; outer phyllaries ovate, purplish-green, often reflexed with a whitish membranous margin and a blackish midrib; (ray) florets many; ligules oblong and narrow, yellow, 5-tothed at apex, teeth unequal; externally each ligule bear a 3-vein purplish stripe.  Flowering time October-April.  Fruit are pale brown achenes.  Pappus spherical with white hairs.  Common plant in Cyprus, on igneous or calcareous ground, stony slopes and roadsides from 600-1375m alt.

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